List of medical courses after 12th | Complete Guide

There are many medical courses available after the 12th. Due to a large number of options, students mostly get confused between what they should choose and what they shouldn’t.

Well, if you are also a 12th pass student and looking for the best medical course for yourself then don’t worry. We had compiled a list of best medical courses after 12th along with lots oother information like course duration, top recruiters, Job Profiles, top colleges, and so on.

medical courses
Before choosing any course, you should consider the following factors in your mind:-
  • Duration of a particular course.
  • Your interest in a particular course i.e whether you are actually interested in that course or you are just doing it because you will get the good package or because your friends are doing it.
  • Your future goals i.e whether the course you are doing today is going to help you tomorrow or not in your career.
  • College from which you are doing the course.
  • The fee of the particular course.
Let’s discuss few of the most popular medical courses after 12th:-

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.

This degree consists of two bachelor’s degrees i.e Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. Students need to pass class 12th with Physics, Chemistry, Biology as the main subjects for taking this course.

MBBS is one of the most popular medical course after 12th.

Course Duration

The duration of MBBS is of 5.5 years. There is academic education for 4.5 years after that there is a compulsory internship of 1 year for the students.

Few things that you will study in MBBS are:-
  • Pathology
  • Surgery
  • Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Microbiology and so on.
Top Recruiters

Fortis Healthcare Ltd., Apollo Hospitals and Research Centre, Cipla Ltd, Sri Ganga Ram Hospital, and so on.

Job Profiles After MBBS
  • Doctors
  • Scientist
  • Researchers
  • Junior Doctor
Top Colleges for MBBS
  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research
  • Maulana Azad Medical College

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)

Bachelor of Dental Surgery

BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery.

These medical courses after 12th is related to the dental health of the people.

Students become dentists after pursuing BDS. They take care of the oral health of the patients. They cure and prevents all dental related diseases.

After BDS you can go for MDS. There are many specializations available in India in MDS like Prosthodontics, Pedodontics, Periodontology, Oral Pathology and Microbiology, and so on.

Few things that you will study in BDS are:-
  • Biochemistry
  • Dentistry
  • Periodontics
  • Dental Pharmacology
  • Pathology and so on.
Course Duration

The duration of BDS is of 5 years. There is academic education for 4 years after that there is a compulsory internship of 1 year for the students.

Employment Areas after BDS
  • Hospitals
  • Private Clinics
  • Dental Product MAnufactures
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
Job profiles After BDS
  • Dentist
  • Oral Surgery
  • Orthodontics
  • Periodontics
  • Oral Pathologists
  • Dental Assistant
Top Colleges For BDS are:-
  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Science, Delhi
  • Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Udupi
  • Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi


In this course, you will learn how to prepare, dispense medicines. In B.Pharm you will also learn a lot about the Healthcare business.

If anyone wants to be a pharmacist that B. PHARM is compulsory for them.

Pharmacy Council of India(PCI) & All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) is the regulatory body of this course.

Few things that you will study in B.PHARM are:-
  • About Healthcare business
  • About Medicines
  • Pharmaceutical Engineering and so on.
Course Duration

The duration of B.PHARM is of 4 years.

Top Recruiters
  • Cipla
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • AbbVie
  • Merck and so on
Job Profiles After B.PHARM
  • Drug Inspector
  • Pharmacist
  • Scientist
  • Drug Technician
  • Chemist
  • Professor
Top Colleges for B.PHARM
  • Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT), Mumbai
  • Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani
  • National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Mohali
  • Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences (MCOPS), Manipal


B.SC. NURSING course trains the students to be talented nurses or paramedical staff.

This medical course imparts a taking care attitude, knowledge of medicines, etc to the students.

This course is registered under Indian Nursing Council.

Few things that you will study in B.SC. NURSING are:-
  • Microbiology
  • Nutrition
  • Genetics
  • Nursing
  • Pharmacology
  • Child Health Nursing
Course Duration

Duration of B.SC. NURSING is of 4 years.

Job Profiles after B.SC. NURSING
  • Nurse
  • Psychologist
  • Nursing Educator
  • Military Nurse
  • Industrial Nurse
  • Community Health Nurse
Best Colleges for B.SC. NURSING
  • BHU Varanasi
  • AIIMS NewDelhi
  • CMC Vellore

BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)

In these medical courses after 12th, students learn about both Ayurveda and modern medicinal facilities.

Students are taught about Ayurveda and how they can use it to treat patients.

In ancient times also, people are treated by using naturally occurring herbs i.e by the power of Ayurveda.

Few things that you will study in BAMS are:-
  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology
  • Anatomy
  • Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Science
Course Duration

Duration of BAMS is of 5.5 years. Out of this duration, academic course is of 4.5 years and internship is of 1 year.

Job Profile after BAMS
  • Therapist
  • Ayurvedic Doctor
  • Pharmacist
  • Physician
  • Drug Manufacturer
Top Recruiters
  • Dabur
  • Emami Limited
  • Patanjali AyurvedLimited
  • Vicco Laboratories
Top Colleges for BAMS
  • Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Science, Bangalore
  • JB Roy State Medical College, Kolkata
  • National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

BHMS(Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)


In this medical course, students learn about the Homeopathic Medicinal system.

In homeopathy, patients are given a very mild dose of medicine.

Nowadays, Homeopathy is becoming very popular because the side effects of homeopathy medicines are very less and they work in such a manner that the internal healing system of the patient gets activated.

Few things that you will study in BHMS are:-
  • Homeopathic Pharmacy
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology including Biochemistry
  • Pathology
  • Repertory
Course Duration

The duration of BHMS is of 5.5 years. In this duration there is a academic education of 4.5 years and compulsary internship of 1 year.

Job Profiles after BHMS
  • Pharmacist
  • Teacher
  • Therapist
  • Private Practice
Employment Areas
  • Dispensaries
  • Hospitals
  • NGO’s
  • Homeopathic Medical Stores
  • Clinics
Best Colleges for BHMS
  • National Institute of Homoeopathy, Kolkata
  • Maharashtra University of Health Sciences
  • Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur

BUMS(Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)

In these medical courses after 12th, you will study Unani Medicine and Surgery. Unani is a very old medication system.

It is also known as Hikmat

In this medication system patient, the natural healing system is enhanced.

Few things that you will study in BUMS are:-
  • What is the history of Unani?
  • Yoga
  • Anatomy
  • Regimental Therapy
Course Duration

Duartion of BUMS is of 5.5 years. There is a academic education of 4.5 years and after that there is an internship of 1 year.

Job Profiles after BUMS
  • Therapist
  • Hakeem
  • Consultant
  • Teacher
  • Pharmacist
Employment Areas
  • Hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Dispensaries
  • NGO’s
  • Research labs
  • Pharmacy
Best Colleges for BUMS
  • Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College, Delhi
  • GUMC(Government Unani Medical College), Chennai

BPT(Bachelor of Physiotherapy)

Bachelor of Physiotherapy

In this medical course, students are taught how they can cure the deformities of the patient without medicines.

Actually, Physiotherapy treatment doesn’t rely on medicines instead physical therapy, massages, etc are given to cure the deformities.

After the course, it is always recommended to have a 6-month internship.

Few things that you will study in BPT are:-
  • Anatomy
  • Psychology
  • Biochemistry
  • Exercise therapy
  • Orthopedics
  • Electrotherapy
Course Duration

Duration of BPT is of 4 years.

Job Profiles after BPT
  • Teacher/Lecturer
  • Physiotherapist
  • Consultant
  • Osteopath
Recruiting area
  • Hospitals
  • NGO’s
  • Gyms
  • Educational Institutions
Best Colleges for BPT
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • St Johns Medical College, Bangalore

B.Optom (Bachelor of Optometry)

Bachelor of Optometry

In these medical courses after 12th, you will learn about eye diseases, illness, and how to treat them.

Basically, if you want to be an eye doctor then you should do this course.

Nowadays this is the most populare course.

Course Duration

The duartion of B.Optm is of 4 years.

Few things that you will study in B.Optom are:-
  • Geometric Optics
  • Visual Optics
  • Optometric Optics
  • Contact Lenses
  • Pathology
  • Optometric Instruments
Job Profile after B.Optom
  • Optician
  • Researcher
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Teacher
  • Consultant
Employment areas
  • Hospitals
  • Private Practice
  • Optometry Clinics
  • Companies Manufacturing lens
Best Colleges for B.Optom
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore

Computer Courses for job

PHARM D(Doctor of Pharmacy)

All the students who want to practice Pharmacy, need to do PHARM D. In this course students are given knowledge about the medicines i.e which medicine is used for which disease.

There are two options available in Pharm D:-
  • After 12th (Duration is of 6 years)
  • After graduation Post-Baccalaureate (Duration is of 3 years)
Course Duration

After 12th duration of Pharm D is of 6 years. Out of this duartion there is academic education of 5 years and internship of 1 year.

Few things that you will study in PHARM D are:-
  • Pharmaceutics
  • Pathophysiology
  • Biology
  • Medicinal Chemistry
  • Clinical Toxicology
Job Profiles after PHARM D are:-
  • Pharmacists
  • Clinical Pharmacist
  • Pharmacy Technician
  • Scientist
  • Drug Inspector
Recruiting areas
  • Private Hospitals
  • Government Hospitals
  • Private Practice
  • Clinic
Best Colleges for PHARM D are:-
  • Poona College of Pharmacy, Pune
  • Chandigarh University
  • JSS College Of Pharmacy Ooty

Also Read:-

Courses after class 10th?

Full detail on subjects in 11th and 12th arts

Courses After 12th commerce without maths

Details on ITI Courses

Complete information on courses after 12th arts

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